In India, Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is a postgraduate course offered for those interested in pursuing a career in teaching. The B.Ed. degree is mandatory for teaching at the secondary (classes 9 and 10) and higher secondary (10+2 or classes 11 and 12).
The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed. course is Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.). While students from the Arts stream are trained to teach subjects like History, Civics, Geography, and languages, the students from the Science stream are trained to teach Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
The duration of the course is two years. After B.Ed., students can pursue Master of Education (M.Ed.) in any Indian university or teacher-training institutes offering the course. The National Council for Teacher Education is the statutory body which regulating teacher training courses in the country of India.
D.Ed. course can be pursued by students who have passed 10+2 (any stream) from a recognized board. The course has been designed to improve the elementary level teacher workforce in India. D.Ed. course caters to the needs of elementary level education segment.
D.Ed. course is technically an elementary teacher training course. Diploma in Education is similar to D.El.Ed. (Diploma in Elementary Education), JBT, D.T.Ed. (Diploma in Teachers Education) and ETT (Elementary Teacher Training) courses. D.Ed., JBT, D.El.Ed., D.T.Ed. and ETT courses have similar syllabus and course structure. These courses also offer similar job opportunities.
After completing 2 years long academic program, D.Ed. professionals become eligible to work at elementary level schools, nurseries and similar educational institutes imparting elementary education. This teacher training course suits those who want to teach at lower (elementary) level schools.
General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) is a diploma which includes assessment of various needs of the people from their birth to death. They can put into effect their knowledge gained from the humanities, biological and behavioural sciences in their nursing career.
GNM aspirants can work at Hospitals, Private clinics, Schools, Private offices, Training institutes, and Rehabilitation centers.